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low carbon economy

Add Time:2017/2/14    Clicks:2820

Low carbon is a kind of fashion, low carbon is a kind of social responsibility of enterprises, low carbon is human itself. A low-carbon economy, as for people's life style, consumption patterns and enterprise production and operation mode of a remake, IT means that people in the energy, construction, IT, transportation industry, from the aspect of management, technology, etc to continuously explore.
Now are you still think, 2009 years \"the bookcase of ikea sales using the structure made of paper honeycomb board\" is a negative news?
If so, then at least two facts, allows you to change this view.
First of all, this is no longer \"news\". Ikea as early as more than 10 years ago began to use this on a global scale with recycled paper honeycomb board as raw material. Today, more than ikea, almost all the well-known domestic furniture brand has been used in some parts of the furniture products similar honeycomb panels.
Second, the message is not due to \"negative\", because use the honeycomb board of \"alternative\" benefit is amazing. Per 1 ton of honeycomb paper material, but make it 30 ~ 50 cubic meters of honeycomb board, to replace the same volume of solid wood.
According to statistics, domestic furniture industry consumes lumber 100 million cubic meters, so, if the honeycomb board can replace 20% of wood use, can save 20 million cubic meters of wood, which means more than 1200 ten thousand tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions. Moreover, the special structure of honeycomb board (similar to the hexagon hollow structure of honeycomb) compared with solid wood or plate, costs can be reduced by 30% or more. In the consumer's attention also need not worry, on the strength of furniture manufacturers can increase or reduce the size of hexagon, so as to achieve the corresponding standard requirement.
But the good things not easily accepted by the public.
\"These applications have been afraid to propaganda at home, when the media tend to become negative news.\" Dutch lselection honeycomb materials group chairman wen-ming wang are also very helpless. Dutch lselection company has ten years, now every year in the domestic furniture industry sold honeycomb board has reached 10000 tons; In the packaging industry, with a number of companies such as haier, midea to cooperate. To break the stereotype of the inherent, lotus lselection was in November 2009 BBS \"green packaging and the low carbon economy\", to participate in formed a \"alliance for a green packaging production, and service\", to use low-carbon concept really turn the idea of people.
In fact, this encounter honeycomb board generally also reflects the current situation of the low carbon economy as a whole. It is the reconstruction of traditional economic models on the one hand, on the other hand is also a kind of start-up in emerging economies. Early in the development of this new economy, seek the public praise of the hypocrisy and stick to the original common-sense consumption question inevitably sneaks in.
People can purchase carbon credits highly publicized personal behavior, in private, but few people are willing to pay extra for low carbon products. Such as British airways will provide carbon offset programs over the past four years, found that only about 3% of the customers will buy. Manufacturers can claim in full of provocative advertising appliances how low energy consumption, but in the product packaging is subject to the original interests chain again toward the opposite of the advertising effect. Some domestic auto manufacturers claim to rise to go beyond, but in the choice of environmental protection materials, but always want to see foreign bosses first adopted, oneself didn't dare to handan toddlers.
Low carbon economy, as for people's life style, consumption patterns and enterprise production and operation mode of a restore, it means that people in the energy, transportation, construction, agriculture, material industry, from the aspect of management, technology, etc to continuously explore.
On December 19, 2009, the Copenhagen conference also like Bali conference two years ago, delay the closing day. No legally binding agreement between the results, although many environmentalists and politicians cannot hide disappointing, but \"low-carbon economy\" is at the door to all enterprises.
Although embarrassing appeared on the world climate conference in Copenhagen, but the world's hunger for low carbon economy have consensus
Energy of the \"old love new love\"
On November 24, 2009, when Norway princess mei, Mary, move the fingers slightly, press the red button, a pump machine, hum, skagerrak salt water and fresh water pressure in a river near into a group of white steel cylinder. Then, a few kilometres away from this a small red brick house, turbines running, current is produced.
The power is to rely on one, known as \"osmotic\" new way. Some companies hope that by this way can produce 10% of the country's electricity in Norway.
Around the world, the pursuit of new clean energy was in full swing. From ala shan kou, strong wind power to heat the American military base in Afghanistan; Endless GanZheLin from Brazil, more than one hundred billion yuan to the domestic investment of the three gorges project. Wind, solar, biofuels, hydropower and other new clean energy has been all sorts of capital and national policy.
In 2008, a global leader in clean energy investment of $155 billion, compared with $2004 in 30 billion, investment in four years to turn over 5 times as much. Among them, the wind power and solar energy to attract capital and the focus of attention, the 2008 global investment of 36.5 billion euros in the field of wind power, among them, the single one of America's investment is $17 billion.
Tsing capital as a family trait for agency specializing in clean technologies, the clean technology market is divided into renewable energy, energy efficiency management, new materials, sustainable transport, sustainable agriculture, environmental protection, carbon trading and other fields. Its investment in the last few years and new energy, so bright and beautiful, bridging in the wind, sheng photoelectric companies such as covers respectively LED, wind, geothermal, solar and other fields.
Continuous influx of capital to accelerate the industry reshuffle process. According to the data of tsing capital, domestic solar related emerging enterprises reached more than 500, in 2008, after more than 300 of them have vanished. And when the arrival of 2010, the wind industry reshuffle will be intensified.
Borrow a low-carbon economy, Siemens said, \"during the financial crisis, green products and solutions to their business had stable effect\", however, the rapid development of the new type of clean energy in the short term have not changed the global energy landscape.
According to BP world energy statistics released in 2009, 2008 years, the world's wind and solar power capacity increased by 29.9% and 69% respectively, both average more than 10 years; But it is important to note that 3.1% of coal consumption growth rate is lower than the average 10 years, but still is the fastest growing fuel for six consecutive years of global consumption. Even by 2020, two-thirds of the world still electricity from coal-fired power plants.
The energy consumption pattern pointed out the focus of attention in \"low carbon economy\", namely in the development of new clean energy at the same time, more to clean technology to improve the efficiency of traditional energy sources. The IPCC (intergovernmental panel on climate change) and the international energy agency has pointed out, about more than 90% of people think that carbon dioxide emissions are produced by fossil energy consumption activities, and traditional energy industry to realize the investment needed to \"low carbon\" is likely to be far more than the present new clean energy. It is estimated that by 2030, the global total investment in energy efficiency need to reach $8.3 trillion.
When the \"low carbon\" energy to produce, how to \"low carbon\" to the same client as the key. In thermal power, for example, the current domestic thermal power generation process, there are 60% of the energy loss in vain; And in the process of sending, and the other 7% loss. So if you want to do real \"low carbon\", means the whole process from power generation to transmission and distribution and power to exert oneself to do together. Among them, such as smart grid, uhv grid technology are in rapid development. On behalf of the U.S. industry industry group of the United States household appliances manufacturers association has released during the Copenhagen conference a smart grid, the basic rules to follow.
Line out of \"low carbon\"
The streets of Copenhagen at the end of 2009, joined the ride a bicycle on the streets of the crowd a lot of entrepreneurs from China. Vanke wang shi, wantong feng lun, feng shang Zhang Zaidong several of the real estate industry bosses found out the possibility of \"low carbon building\".
Mr. Wang said, according to the Chinese real estate market sales, if the developer to unified fine decoration of commercial housing, construction waste will can reduce 10 million tons per year. Vanke in the next few years will make efforts as a direction. As feng shang, an early age to \"say goodbye to the air conditioning heating era\" unique in the industry, last year put forward \"the output energy saving product development technology and management\".
In the field of construction practice of low carbon economy space is huge. According to measure, now average unit building area of heating energy consumption in our country for more than 3 times of new buildings in the developed countries. If you do not take effective measures, by 2020 China building energy consumption is now more than 3 times, will reach 1.09 billion tons of standard coal consumption, and converted to electricity, than the three gorges power station 34 years total electricity combined.
Many well-known enterprises have also been through self-built for \"low carbon building\" green energy-saving building set up the pole. Such as Siemens, Pepsi company in China have set up energy-saving building. At the corner of wangjing blocks, Siemens headquarters of China not only has a beautiful arc glass curtain wall, at the same time, through the top intelligence climate center, can according to the solar radiation intensity of induction to control each layer of the automatic lifting of the curtain, according to the induction of the existence of open or close the office area lights. Through these measures, can achieve efficiency is about thirty percent.
To the specific projects such as building energy saving \"low carbon\" pursuit besides led to the emergence of new technology products, it has also created a \"contract energy management,\" the new business model. The characteristics of this model is that users no longer buy energy-saving equipment directly, but by the equipment manufacturer or a third party of the energy conservation service company, the energy-saving equipment and services to customers, from the customer share the energy saving benefits. A domestic company named HuiDe era, for example, in practice, not only won the energy-saving and senior boiler work, and has obtained the insurer headquarters building energy-saving management and so on many orders.
Similar to \"low carbon architecture\", low carbon economy is in a variety of ways in IT, transportation and other industries \"blossom\". IT naturally is sensitive to all kinds of new concepts, in promoting this goal is different, such as cisco said, by such as high-definition telepresence remote IP video conferencing products to reduce the number of air travel, cisco himself, only through telepresence technology at present, has decreased by more than 1000 cubic meters of carbon emissions. IBM is an active participant in the field of new energy, promoting the construction of smart grid in China, some companies such as enn has carried on the strategic investment. Dell also said that is currently in the design of new product plan launched in 2010, after can save up to 25% of the energy than today's systems. Yahoo is a few years ago had his's director of climate change and energy strategy. From the chip to the external device, ranging from virtualization to cloud computing technology seems to be regarded as \"low-carbon economy\".
In other domains such as \"low carbon\" traffic, although on the definition, standards, there are a lot of controversy, but support from policy and capital has been pushing forward the related technology. In new energy cars, for example, after the nimh batteries, like Toyota and other companies have concentrated resources into the next generation of automotive power lithium battery research, domestic byd has also produced the independent research and development of lithium battery cars. German car company, headed by the masses is pushing the government to pave the way for large-scale public clean diesel cars. In the future, diesel-electric hybrid electric car research and development of the listed will also put the \"low carbon\" target in the field of traffic again.
Almost all of the world automobile manufacturing companies, the development and production of new energy vehicles on their own core strategic development plan from low carbon enterprise to low-carbon planet, no matter how much the influx of capital has also no matter how much enterprise pursuit of technology and social responsibility value, in the current economic situation, low carbon economy in fact is not in one of the best development period.
Review of nearly two years of low carbon economy, although there are many emerging enterprise with the concept of \"low-carbon economy\" scenery, established companies like Siemens also announced \"during the financial crisis, green products and solutions to their business had stable effect\".
But it's also worth noting that, because of low carbon economy to early to higher levels of capital investment requirements, lead to the economic crisis comes, the impact is relatively large. Such as royal bank of Scotland, fortis crisis-hit some of the most serious bank is also the biggest source of funds in the low carbon economy. As BP (BP) in 2000 to its associated with and clean energy, but by 2009, its related investment has decreased from $2008 in 1.4 billion to $500 million to $1 billion, also has a resale part of renewable energy assets. Shell oil company acknowledges that wind and solar power \"in combination with the new project for the investment opportunity of competition stumble\". In addition, some look like cloud computing can reduce carbon dioxide emissions by new technology is also in doubt; Although some of the new energy as to meet the requirements of the low carbon, but multiply operating expenses directly responsible for its hard to stand up to the market.
From another point of view, people's serious concern to the Copenhagen conference, actually also illustrates one of the biggest problems, the government role in the low-carbon economy is of crucial importance. Low carbon economy is like a born baby, survival skills is not mature, but lots of problems need to be solved, it needs the government to \"rotary launched, delivering a ride\".
In fact, the governments support for low carbon economy is hard. Such as the eu's executive arm of the European commission (EC) in 2009 to raise 50 billion euros over the next ten years, to develop solar energy and coal power plant carbon capture and storage. The energy and the ministry of finance has announced that on clean energy equipment manufacturers will provide $2.3 billion in tax breaks. On December 24, 2009, SAP, sharp co., LTD, construction plan, hewlett-packard co., LTD, Japan mitsui real estate co., LTD, e - Solutions and general corporate future companies such as design center (FDC) is jointly launched by the Japanese in Tokyo, Japan to global radiation of Smart City Project (Smart City Project).
At home, since March 2009, the Chinese government at all levels is to solar energy company provides such as free land use rights and research and development of huge subsidies. On the new energy vehicles, the corresponding technical policies and subsidies allegedly will officially promulgated in early 2010. At the local level, from the east beach, one of the world after introduced the first low carbon eco-city, including wide continent, Hong Kong, Beijing, Shanghai, shenzhen and other cities as well as nanchang, baoding, hefei second-tier cities have announced to carry out low carbon city pilot project.
When the whole human society to low carbon, perhaps, need to keep in mind that all individuals, businesses and government is, if you can't put the low carbon economy continues to carry on, don't say \"poetically on this planet,\" humble abode \"also do not have to.